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To prevent coyote attacks on humans, modern wildlife management focuses on ‘aversive conditioning’. This practice tries to change an animal’s behaviour by making every human coyote encounter unpleasant for the animal. This method only works if we all respond to coyote encounters aggressively. If a coyote does approach, make it feel unwelcome. They should not feel comfortable around us.

Coyote photo  by Shawn McCready

Photo by Shawn McCready

Take These Immediate Steps

  • Respond to its presence aggressively by making yourself appear large (wave your arms overhead or shove long objects like a walking stick toward the coyote).
  • Throw rocks, sticks or other objects to scare it away.
  • Carry a whistle and blow it to startle the animal.
  • Carry dog spray in areas highly frequented by coyotes.
  • Shout in a deep voice and maintain eye contact.
  • Do not turn away or run. This may trigger a natural predator/prey instinct and might encourage the coyote to chase after you.
  • If the coyote continues to approach, back away slowly and move toward buildings or human activity.

For More Information

Coyote Information Line



To Report a Problem Coyote, call


In Edmonton:  311
Outside Edmonton:  780-442-5311


TTY 780-944-5555 and press 0

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