Photo Credit: Nicole Kimmel, Alberta Agriculture & Forestry
Meadow Hawkweed is native to all parts of Europe. Hawkweeds were introduced to North America for ornamental and medicinal purposes in the late 1800s.
Meadow Hawkweed invades grassland and quickly forms dense mats of rosettes(circles of leaves directly from the ground) that prevent other plants from growing.
Ten or more yellow "dandelion-like" flowers are arranged in a cluster at the top of the stem.
The bright green to yellow-green leaves are lance-shaped or spoon-shaped and located at the base of the plant. The leaves have both long and short hairs and the leaf margins are either smooth or minutely toothed.
Each plant has a single stem that is erect, hairy, and grows 20-70 cm tall. The plant has stolons, but they might be short or inconspicuous (stolons - also called runners - are slender stems that grows along the ground, growing roots, and making new plants).
Can Be Confused With
Many yellow-flowered members of the Aster family of plants (composite flowers - like dandelions). Hairs are an important characteristic of non-native hawkweeds
and also in distinguishing between invasive species. No native species of Hawkweed produces stolons.
- Mouse-Ear Hawkweed - Pilosella officinarum
- Orange Hawkweed - Pilosella aurantiaca - but who cares - they’re all noxious weeds!