Photo Credit: Daniel Laubhann
Common St. John’s wort is a perennial herb native to Europe, western Asia, and North Africa. It was introduced to North America in 1696 as a medicinal plant and has been used to treat depression.
Common St. John’s wort invades rangeland where it can form dense colonies. It contains two toxic compounds which can cause photosensitivity in grazers. If consumed in sufficient quantities it can lead to weight loss and even death.
The yellow flowers are about 2 cm wide. Each of the five petals have small black dots along the petal’s edge.
The leaves are only up to 3 cm long, egg-shaped or elliptic, and are oppositely arranged along the stem.
Unique, translucent dots on the leaf surface make the leaf look perforated when held up to the light.
The plant grows up to 90 cm tall.