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Bighead knapweed
Photo credit: Daniel Laubhann

Common Name: Bighead knapweed

Scientific Name: Centaurea macrocephala

Habitat: ornamental beds, farmland, grassland

Provincial Designation: Prohibited Noxious

Prohibited Noxious weeds are plant species that are designated as "prohibited noxious" in the Alberta weed regulation. Prohibited noxious weeds must be destroyed, meaning all growing parts need to be killed or the plant's reproductive mechanisms need to be rendered non-viable.

Origin

Bighead Knapweed is native to Eastern Europe and was introduced to North America as an ornamental garden plant. It is sold locally - please do not purchase!

Legislated Because

It out-competes grasses and other forage species, reducing food sources for wildlife and livestock, and competing with native vegetation for nutrients and light.  Eradication efforts of a 4 hectare infestation in Washington state have been ongoing for about 25 years.

Description

Bighead Knapweed has conspicuously large, yellow flowers that are 3-8 cm wide.

The leaves are large, broad, rough, hairy, lance-shaped leaves with pointed tips.  They come out alternating on the stem. The leaves grow pointing upwards and blades of the leaves extend down along the stem creating characteristic vertical “wings” on the stem.

This is the largest ‘thistle-like’ plant in Alberta, which makes it easier to identify.  Bighead Knapweed grows up to 150 cm tall, usually in a single stalk.

Can Be Confused With

Thistles and other Knapweeds when not in bloom.

Bachelor’s Buttons - Centaurea montana -  and related garden cultivars and hybrids which are ornamental garden plants and fine for you to grow!
 

Learn more about this species:

See Fact Sheets - Alberta Invasive Species Council

For More Information

Weed Management

Telephone

In Edmonton: 311

Outside Edmonton: 780-442-5311

Email invasiveweeds@edmonton.ca

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