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Scientific Name: Coturnix japonica

Habitat: grassy fields, river banks, rice fields

Diet:  grass seeds, small worms, insect larvae

Life span: 2-3 years (2-7 years in captivity)

Young: 7-14 eggs/clutch

Size: 90-160 g (3.2-5.6 oz)

The Japanese quail spends the summer in India, northern Japan and Korea, and migrates 400-1000 km (249-621 miles) to winter in southeast China, Hainan, Taiwan and southern Japan.

Courtship for this bird often includes a feeding ritual. The male presents a small worm to the female while uttering a soft croaking call. The female takes the worm to eat before accepting the male as her mate.

The common quail (Coturnix coturnix) and Japanese quail are very similar in appearance. The ranges of these two species overlap and they are able to interbreed.

Learn more about this species:

These are some other websites that we think have more great information about this species.

Japanese quail on Animal Diversity Web


Range: Russia, eastern Asia

Status in the Wild

Status: thriving

For More Information

Edmonton Valley Zoo

13315 Buena Vista Road (87th Avenue)
PO Box 2359
Edmonton, Alberta T5J 2R7


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